This tutorial will show you how to increase the number of steps of volume control in Android. The default number of steps (for music/media volume) is 15, which is fine for most people. However, I have a pair of headphones which are very loud even at the lowest volume setting, so I changed it to 30 steps.
- You will need ROOT on your device. We are modifying android system files, so there is a chance you will break your OS. It would be a good idea to make a nandroid backup first. This is not for the computer-illiterate or faint of heart. Read through the whole tutorial first to make sure you want to do this before starting.
- This may not work well on all devices. On my HTC Thunderbolt, certain numbers of steps seemed to cause the volume to bounce up and down every step.
- A rooted android device. I have tested this on a Toshiba Thrive (Android 3.2.1) and an HTC Thunderbolt (Android 2.3.4)
- A computer running Windows. You could certainly use Mac or Linux, but this tutorial is written for Windows users.
Required Windows Software
- Java Development Kit
- Android SDK, or at least ADB
- A text editor, such as Notepad++
- Smali/Baksmali Manager (I have mirrored it here)
- USB drivers for your device
Install JDK, 7-Zip, and Notepad++
Setup ADB (Android Debug Bridge)
Unzip Android SDK. Add the folder that adb is in to the windows PATH. This will allow you to run adb from any folder.
In Windows 7, search the start menu for environmental variables:
You can also right click on My Computer -> Advanced System Settings -> Advanced Tab -> Environmental Variables
Edit the PATH variable. There should be several folder paths already. Go to the end of the text field, type ; (semicolon) followed by the path to adb. For example, I unzipped Android SDK to F:\Downloads\android-sdk-windows, so my path to adb is F:\Downloads\android-sdk-windows\platform-tools.
Test adb: Open a command prompt (Win+R and type cmd), then type adb version and hit Enter. A response like below should be shown.
Install USB Drivers
Enable USB Debugging on your device:
Press Home, Menu > Settings > Applications > Development. Ensure USB debugging is checked.
Plug in your device via USB.
In the command prompt, type adb devices. You should see a device listed (with serial number).
If you see a device, continue to the next step. If not, you will have to install drivers, by following the steps here.
Download and unzip Smali/Baksmali Manager (link above).
Open a command prompt in the folder where you unzipped smali/baksmali. Hold shift and right click on the folder, then click Open command window here.
Type adb pull /system/framework/framework.jar. This will copy the framework.jar file to the smali/baksmali folder.
Extract (baksmali) and edit framework.jar
Open the smali/baksmali folder and run baksmali Manager.bat
Type 4 (select file), then 2 (framework.jar).
Type 1 to baksmali the framework.jar. This decompresses it to files and folders. Leave this window open.
In the smali/baksmali folder, open framework\android\media\AudioService.smali
Search for 0xft 0x0t 0x0t 0x0t
You should find a table that looks like the one below, with 10 or 11 lines.
The first entry in each line is the number of steps. Line 4 is music/media, and is currently 0xf, which is hexadecimal for 15
Let’s say I want to change this to 45. Open up Windows calculator, and Witch to View -> Programmer mode. Type in 45 then hit hex, which converts 45 to hexadecimal. The result is 2d. You can do this for any number.
Change the value in the table to your desired value (for example 0x2dt. You can also modify the steps for the other parameters, such as bluetooth or ringers. Save AudioService.smali.
In the baksmali Manager.bat window, press 2 to smali (this will create a new classes.dex file).
If you accidently closed the window, you will have to open it again and hit 4 and 2 to reselect the file.
Open framework.jar with 7-Zip. Drag classes.dex into the archive in 7-Zip
Replace framework.jar on device
Go back to the window that had adb open in the smali/baksmali folder. Type adb remount and hit enter. Then type adb push framework.jar /system/framework/framework.jar This will copy framework.jar over your old framework.jar
Run adb shell
Run cd /system/framework
Run chmod 644 framework.jar
I also ran ls -l to ensure framework.jar has copied and the permissions are correct.
Restart the device. Type adb reboot
Method 2 (if method 1 did not work):
Go back to the window that had adb open in the smali/baksmali folder. Type adb push framework.jar /sdcard/framework.jar This will copy framework.jar to the root of your SD card (or maybe internal storage) on the device.
Browse to the /sdcard (this is also /mnt/sdcard). Copy framework.jar, navigate to /system/framework, and paste it, overwriting the old framework.jar
Go to properties and change permissions like is shown below
Restart the device.
Play some music and rack through the volume to make sure it works right.
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